Innovative Web Design and Application Development Glossary of Terms

This dictionary of web design, photography, computer and graphic design terms has been compiled from many sources and is constantly being augmented and undergoing revisions to try and capture as much of the lingo and technical vocabulary as possible.  

Random terms, by category

Data and Telecommunications, terms, concepts and abbreviations. (19 terms)
A protocol developed to enable the transfer of files across a network. It provides a reletively insecure username and password  security but has been more recently enhanced to allow for SSL encryption to provide a secure password exchange.

To some extent the use of FTP has been superceeded by SFTP (a component of SSH) or the secure file transfer protocol.

Computer Hardware parts, abbreviations and concepts. (6 terms)
Printed Circuit Board
It usually consists of a metallic conductor pattern on an organic insulating substrate, more complex circuits have several layers stacked togeather. After assembly where components are added, it is known as a printed wiring assembly (PWA).  
Graphic Design & prepress terms from desktop publishing to offset printing. (14 terms)
An ISO/ANSI/ECMA standard that specifies a way to annotate text documents with information about types of sections of a document. This is the root of most other markup languages: XML and HTML being examples.
Linux/Unix Terms and Commands. (9 terms)
An address referring to a document on the Internet. This can be used to reference a web page via HTTP or a file to be accessed via FTP, for example. The reason for a URL (rather then just the address) is to define completely what a computer must do, and where it must go, to access a document (sometimes even on it´s local hard drive in the case of ´file:´)

The syntax of a URL consists of four elements:

Protocol://address/path/document - here are a few examples:
Photography terms and concepts, including digital and traditional photographic techniques. (11 terms)
Wide Angle Lens
A lens with a short focal length that takes in a wide view of the subject. In the 35mm format, lenses with a focal length of 35mm or shorter are generally considered wide-angle lenses.
Web design termonology, concepts, and abbreviations. (46 terms)
A compressed graphic format suited for flat color images (illustrations) and drawings. It compresses images by referencing areas of the same colour thus it is less suitable then JPEG for photographic images (where there are colour gradients)

Originally created by CompuServ it was the subject of proposed law suits and patent discussions which have largely been dropped.

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