Innovative Web Design and Application Development Glossary of Terms

This dictionary of web design, photography, computer and graphic design terms has been compiled from many sources and is constantly being augmented and undergoing revisions to try and capture as much of the lingo and technical vocabulary as possible.  

Random terms, by category

Data and Telecommunications, terms, concepts and abbreviations. (19 terms)
Printed Circuit Board
It usually consists of a metallic conductor pattern on an organic insulating substrate, more complex circuits have several layers stacked togeather. After assembly where components are added, it is known as a printed wiring assembly (PWA).  
Computer Hardware parts, abbreviations and concepts. (6 terms)
A generic name for various kinds of dynamic random access memory: DRAM that are synchronized with the clock speed that the microprocessor is optimized for. This tends to increase the number of instructions that the processor can perform in a given time. The speed of SDRAM is rated in MHz rather than in nanoseconds (ns). This makes it easier to compare the bus speed and the RAM chip speed. You can convert the RAM clock speed to nanoseconds by dividing the chip speed into 1 billion ns (which is on...
Graphic Design & prepress terms from desktop publishing to offset printing. (14 terms)
An extensible file format for the lossless, portable, well-compressed storage of raster images. PNG provides a patent-free replacement for GIF and can also replace many common uses of TIFF. Indexed-color, grayscale, and truecolor images are supported, plus an optional alpha channel for transparency. Sample depths range from 1 to 16 bits per component (up to 48bit images for RGB, or 64bit for RGBA).
Linux/Unix Terms and Commands. (9 terms)
An address referring to a document on the Internet. This can be used to reference a web page via HTTP or a file to be accessed via FTP, for example. The reason for a URL (rather then just the address) is to define completely what a computer must do, and where it must go, to access a document (sometimes even on itīs local hard drive in the case of īfile:ī)

The syntax of a URL consists of four elements:

Protocol://address/path/document - here are a few examples:
Photography terms and concepts, including digital and traditional photographic techniques. (11 terms)
Zoom Lens
A lens of variable focal length. For example, in an 50-500mm Zoom Lens, the focal length can be vaired between the lower limit of 50mm and the upper of 500mm. This affects the scale of the image on which the lens is focused without throwing the image out of focus.
Web design termonology, concepts, and abbreviations. (46 terms)
A compressed graphics format specifically designed for photographs. Itīs name an acronym that stands for Joint Photographic Experts Group. It works by changing the images data from colours to frequencies (that represent detail) using a FFT and then discarding some of the high detail data - the resulting image is slightly blurry but this is barely noticable by the human eye and represents a significant saving of space.
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